The first step is to sand away the damaged carbon, including the surrounding 1”-2” area. This removes any stress risers and prevents them from creating fractures again. Second, the new carbon is laid down; the laminate is laid by reading the original fiber orientation to match with the new layers. After the new carbon layers are laid, the area is compressed with tape to set. For fractures around lug areas or a unique shape, we make a custom mold to adequately and evenly apply pressure. Frames with catastrophic damage oftentimes require reinforcement from the inside out with an insert; often made of foam or carbon depending on the nature of the damage. Thirdly, the area is built back up and sanded one final time to meet the same contours as the original frame. We do our best to match the original carbon weave but sometimes it’s just not possible to match the weave exactly. This is only noticeable if the finish is left unpainted or just cleared. Our testing has found that the repaired areas meet or exceed original stiffness of the original tubing.